TLAs* and Other Mysteries of the Net
- .aiff format
- One of many Mac sound file formats.
- A database search method that points you to specific files and FTP sites that youÕre
interested in. You can use Archie to search by subject, title, or keyword. Some of the
more popular sites with Archie capability are http://www.umich.edu, http://www.ukans.edu
- ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange)
- Used to describe files that are stored in clear text format.
- .au format
- UNIX sound files.
- A measurement of data travel rate thatÕs frequently used to describe the speed of
- bps (Bits Per Second)
- The speed at which bits of data are transmitted over a communication medium.
- BBS (Bulletin Board System)
- A dial-in or Telnet-in computer that usually provides e-mail, file archives, live chats,
and other services and activities. Many are connected to the Internet.
- domain name
- This is how you describe the name thatÕs to the right of the @ sign in an Internet
- FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)
- A list of questions and answers related to a newsgroup, software, Web sites, etc.. FAQ
lists prevent newsgroup discussions from being overrun by common user questions.
- A computer set up to monitor traffic between an Internet site and the Internet. ItÕs
designed to keep unauthorized outsiders from tampering with a computer system.
- FTP (File Transfer Protocol)
- The common protocol used for downloading files via the Internet.
- An Internet server document browsing and searching system that lets you look all over
the Internet for texts of interest and helps you to retrieve them.
- html (Hypertext Markup Language)
- The standard coding language in which World Wide Web documents are written.
- http (Hypertext Transfer Protocol)
- The protocol that tells the server what to send the client, so the client can view Web
pages, FTP sites, or other areas on the net.
- IRC (Internet Relay Chat)
- The live-chat area of the Internet in which real-time conversations among two or more
people take place in virtual Òrooms.Ó
- ISDN (Integrated Services Digital Network)
- A telephone system thatÕs been updated with digital switches so that, with special
equipment, you can simultaneously send and receive voice and data over one phone line.
- A word by which subjects can be searched on online services and databases.
- LAN (Local Area Network)
- A network that connects computers in a small area (like a room, a building, or a set of
- A software program for setting up and maintaining discussion groups. Many LISTSERV
discussion groups are gatewayed to Usenet newsgroups.
- A database of more than 3.5 million Web sites. This widely used search engine has
answered over 9 million queries to date. You can set custom search configurations to help
you find what youÕre looking for. Lycos is found at http://lycos.cs.cmu.edu.
- MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extension)
- An extension that lets you transmit non-text data (like graphics, audio, video) via
- MUD (Multi-User Dungeon)
- Role-playing games that were originally modeled on ÒDungeons and DragonsÓ games, but
are now used as conferencing tools and educational aids, and in other contexts.
- A database of popular Web sites that will direct you to areas of interest. Find it at
- SLIP/PPP (Serial Line Internet Protocol/Point-to-Point Protocol)
- Communications protocols used over serial lines to support Internet connectivity.
- SYSOP (Systems Operator)
- The person who does day-to-day maintenance of a BBS.
- TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol)
- This set of protocols makes Telnet, FTP, e-mail, and other services possible among
computers that donÕt belong to the same network.
- One of the TCP/IP applications, it lets you log in to computers around the world that
are connected to the Internet, and to use them as if they were your own.
- *TLAs (Three-Letter Acronyms)
- The mysterious terms used to refer to things net-related.
- URL (Uniform Resource Locator)
- Describes the location and access method of a resource on the Internet. All Web sites
- A collection of newsgroups organized by topics; also used to describe a network of
computers, not all of which are on the Internet, that receive Usenet newsgroups.
- A database for searching for information within gopher-space using keywords and
subjects. You can catch veronica at gopher://veronica.scs.unr.edu.
- WAIS (Wide Area Information Server)
- A client-server information system that lets users search through databases with a
single user interface.
- WAN (Wide Area Network)
- A network that connects computers over a large geographic area.
- .wav format
- Windows sound files.
- A Web search engine that lets you search by keywords or using a tree-based menu system.
Yahoo is at http://www.yahoo.com.
Thanks for Stopping By